Travel and Culture in Veneto
Vicenza was founded by the natives of Veneto in the 8th century B.C. and, later, it became subject to the Roman domination.
With the barbarian invasions it underwent considerable ravages but, with the coming of the Longobards and then of Charlemagne (in 773), it became a prosperous town and a free county.
In 1115 Vicenza was already a free commune, with its own magistracy, its own consuls and with a middle class that was becoming more and more powerful and active inside the town context.
In 1158 the town united to Verona, Padua and Treviso to drive back the invasion of Barbarossa. From 1236 to 1311 Vicenza was subdued first by Frederick II Barbarossa, then by the Ezzelini family and, finally, by the town of Padua.
It was with Henry VII that Vicenza went under the guardianship of the Della Scala family, who were benevolent rulers.
Their domination lasted for twenty years, but they were defeated in 1387.
Only in 1404, with the help of the Serenissima, Vicenza lived a really prosperous period, that went on, in spite of the plague and the earthquake in 1595, until 1700.
In this period art and culture flourished and gave a new appearance to the town and to the territory, thanks to the genius of Andrea Palladio.
In 1797, with the Treaty of Campoformio, Vicenza was ceded to Austria, which it continued to be annexed to, until 1848, when the inhabitants of Vicenza rose up against the oppression of the Austrians.
In 1866 the town was freed by the troops of Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoy. In the first World War the territory around Vicenza was place of the bloodiest fights of the war (Monte Grappa, Asiago and Pasubio) and in the second World War the town was bombed by air raids that caused numerous victims and great damage.
After the end of the war, the inhabitants of Vicenza rebuilt the town to add it lustre and prestige.