Travel and Culture in Umbria

Perugia: history

Perugia has got Etruscan origins, proved by the numerous archeological ruins....


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HISTORY


Perugia has got Etruscan origins, proved by the numerous archeological ruins found in town.
Perugia was conquered by the Romans in the 2nd century A.D., who gave it the name “Augusta Perusia”.

With the fall of the Roman Empire the town underwent many barbarian invasions and only in the11th century it became a Libero Comune (free commune), taking the town layout that characterizes it still today.

With the fall of the Roman Empire the town underwent many barbarian invasions and only in the11th century it became a Libero Comune (free commune), taking the town layout that characterizes it still today.

In this period the town was often divided by civil fights among the most powerful families until the Baglioni family took the power and dominated the town till 1531.

In that year the “Salt War” broke out, that opposed the inhabitants of Perugia against the Papal State, which won the war and commissioned in town the building of Rocca Paolina fortress.

The papal supremacy went on without any obstacle until 1860, when Perugia was annexed to the Italian Kingdom and the fortress, a symbol that had always been not very loved by the inhabitants, was demolished.





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