Travel and Culture in Umbria
The artistic town centre includes IV November square and the walls, that belong to the prestigious Etruscan urban centre which was accessible through the ancient gates (Porta Sole, Porta della Mandorla, Porta Marzia, Porta Trasimena, Porta Cornea and the Etruscan Arch).
The square, one of the most beautiful of Italy, is characterized by the presence of Maggiore Fountain, realized in the 13th century by the architect Fra’ Bevignate and decorated with the beautiful sculptures by Nicola and Giovanni Pisano.
The fountain is a magnificent example of the Gothic style in Italy and symbolizes the political-religious power of the town, at the height of its splendour.
Moreover the square is surrounded by different buildings of great value as Palazzo dei Priori, built between 1298 and 1353, with its front in travertine and Bettona white and red stone.
Inside the palace, at the ground floor, you can admire the Mercanzia College and the Exchange College rooms, the most powerful guilds during the medieval period of the town. In particular in the palace’s wing that was managed by the Moneychangers in 1400, you can see some wonderful frescoes made by Perugino.
In another part of the square you can admire: St Lawrence’s Cathedral, begun in 1300, the 1423 arches of the Loggia di Braccio, with the ruins of the Roman walls and a portal in Gothic style by Scalza. At last you can visit the ruins of Rocca Paolina fortress, which was commissioned by Pope Paul III in 1540, according to the plan by Antonio da Sangallo the Young, and later definitevely demolished in 1860.