Travel and Culture in Umbria

Amelia: history

The name Amelia derives from its legendary founder, King Ameroe....


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HISTORY

The name Amelia derives from its legendary founder, King Ameroe and, according to Cato the Censor, the first community settled in the town’s territory in about 1134 B.C., before Rome was founded and it was called Ameria.


The name Amelia derives from its legendary founder, King Ameroe and, according to Cato the Censor, the first community settled in the town’s territory in about 1134 B.C., before Rome was founded and it was called Ameria.

In the 6th and 4th centuries B.C. the Polygonal Walls were built to defend the town from the raids of the near populations (the Etruscans).

In 338 B.C. Amelia passed under the Roman domination and had a period of splendour, as the remnants of the Roman Baths witness today. In 313 A.D., thanks to Constantine’s edict, the town became an episcopal seat.

It was besieged by the Goths in 548 A.D. and then it passed to the Byzantine-Roman population.

With the coming of the Middle Ages it was sacked by Frederick II’s troops (1240) and then it went definitely under the dominion of the Church, even if it continued to defend the communal liberties.

Many renowned figures were born in Amelia, as the artist Piermatteo d’Amelia (one of Lippi’s pupils) and Alessandro Geraldini, who was appointed first bishop of America.





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