Travel and Culture in Tuscany

Siena: history

According to a legend, Siena was founded by Senio, Remo’s son, one of the founders of Rome...


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HISTORY

Siena: history-Body

According to a legend, Siena was founded by Senio, Remo’s son, one of the founders of Rome.

The origin of Siena’s name is still today an object of research: some historians attribute it to the Etruscan Saina family, some others to the Roman Saenii family.

Certainly, the development of this town increased only in the Middle Ages, when the town expanded in various directions.

Siena reached its full splendour in 1300, when the most part of the civil monuments was built and it was made an attempt to build the new Duomo.

Siena was pre-eminently a Ghibelline town and it often “crossed its swords” with the Florentine Guelphs in epic and bloody fights, that marked the history of the Italian Middle Ages. One of the most famous battles took place in Montaperti, on 4th September 1260, when the Sienese defeated the Florentine.

Siena reached its full splendour in 1300, when the most part of the civil monuments was built and it was made an attempt to build the new Duomo.

With the tragic coming of the pleague in 1348, Siena had a very difficult period, that led to its annexation to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and to the loss of its independence.

Siena photographies kindly granted by Scuola Leonardo - Siena





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