Travel and Culture in Tuscany

Pisa: history

The history of Pisa has got its roots in the 5th century B.C., when Pisa was an Etruscan settlement...


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HISTORY

For most part of the Middle Ages, the powerful Pisan navy guaranteed to the town the supremacy of the West Mediterranean Sea.

The history of Pisa has got its roots in the 5th century B.C., when Pisa was an Etruscan settlement, that faced the sea. In the 2nd century B.C. the Romans built Portus Pisanus.

After the end of the Roman Empire, this was a port town of great importance for the Gothes, the Longobards and the Carolingians too.

A further development transformed Pisa, in the 11th century, into one of the most powerful Italian Maritime Republics, together with Genoa, Venice and Amalfi.

Pisa: history-Body

For most part of the Middle Ages, the powerful Pisan navy guaranteed to the town the supremacy of the West Mediterranean Sea.

In this period the buildings that made Pisa famous were begun: the Duomo, the cathedral’s bell tower and the well known Leaning Tower.

The richness that Pisa gained in this period allowed it to found some colonies in North Africa, in South Spain and on the southern coast of Lesser Asia.

The decline of the Maritime republic began in 1284, when it was defeated by Genoa and became more visible, because of the sanding up of the port.

Then, in 1406, the town passed under the dominion of Florence and, with the Medici family, it flourished again. In fact, in 1472, they re-established the university, which was declining, and brought new prestige to the ancient centre.

Pisa is also the birthplace of Galileo Galilei, an astronomer, physicist, mathematician and the founder of the experimental method.

Pisa photographies kindly granted by Istituto Linguistico Mediterraneo





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