Travel and Culture in Tuscany
In 1119 Lucca became a free municipality and had its heyday in the 12th and 13th centuries, thanks to manufacture and trade of the silk and to the banking activities of its citizens.
Lucca is also the birthplace of Giacomo Puccini, one of the most famous Italian composers of opera music
After a period of dictatorship, the city regained its independence in 1369, becoming an oligarchic Republic which lasted until the early 19th century.
In 1805, Napoleon gave it in the Principality to the sister Elisa and in 1817 passed in Duchy to Maria Luigia Borbone of Parma.
Lucca is also the birthplace of Giacomo Puccini, one of the most known Italian composers of Opera. Very famous throughout the world are its "Turandot", "Madame Butterfly", "Tosca", "Boheme", etc.
Within a circle of walls remained intact and turned into a green walk, Lucca has preserved the look of the city-state of the past.