Travel and Culture in Tuscany
While walking through Livorno you can take a look at the Fortezza Vecchia (the old fortress) and at the Fortezza Nuova (the new fortress), that overlook the Medicean port. Fortezza Vecchia is a glorious architectural complex and one of the most meaningful monuments of the Medicean urbanization, carried out by Sangallo il Giovane. Fortezza Nuova is a mighty bastion of the 18th century, which has been today changed back into a public park.
A typical district called “La Nuova Venezia” (the new Venice) appears between the two fortresses: this is the soul of the most vivid maritime tradition. In fact this picturesque part of town is characterized by a close net of channels, which were very important for the firshermen in the 17th century.
Moreover, here you find the St Catherine Church, with its extraordinary apse, that preserves the Coronation of the Blessed Virgin by Vasari.
Other churches and places of adorationin town have got names that bring back the coexistence of different nationalities and religious traditions (the Armenians’ Church, the Church of the united Greeks, the Dutches’ Church, the synagogue of the Sephardic Jews).
In the heart of the old town, in Piazza Grande, stands the cathedral (16th-18th centuries), that contains some paintings by Jacopo Ligozzi, Passignano and Andrea del Sarto.
But the real symbol of Livorno is the monument to the Quattro Mori (the four Moors) dedicated to Ferdinando I and made by Giovanni Bandini in 1595, then completed by Pietro Tacca in 1626 with the bronze figures of the “Moors”.
It is worth visiting villa Mimbelli, today Civic Museum Fattori, where you can see, besides the works by Giovanni Fattori, also several masterpieces by the Tuscan Macchiaioli.
If you love archeology and the magic of the ancient peoples, you can visit, in the Baratti Gulf, the unique Etruscan necropolis situated on the sea, with many important remains that bear witness to this civilization.