Travel and Culture in Sicily
Syracuse rises along the Sicilian coasts, between the waters of Porto Grande and the Mounts Iblei.
This town was founded by a group of Greek colonists and its name derives from the Greek word Sirako, that means marsh. Syracuse, today, is a town which counts 127.000 inhabitants, who live in the five areas that characterized the ancient urban centre, called "Pentacoli di Dioniso" (Dionysus’ Pentacles): Akradina, Tike, Neapolis, Ortigia and Santa Lucia.
The province of Syracuse is lacking in airports. The nearest airport is "Filippo Eredia", in Catania – Fontanarossa, about 100 Km far from Syracuse.
If you want to reach Syracuse by car, coming from the North, you have to drive along the A1 Motorway as far as Florence and drive on along the E3-E45 to Costiera Amalfitana-Reggio Calabria-Salerno as far as Messina. Leave the motorway at the exit sign for Messina and take the A20 and the E45 roads as far as Catania.
From Catania you have to drive along the main road SS114 as far as Ponte San Leonardo and then along the SS124 as far as Syracuse.
Moreover, the province of Syracuse is crossed by many main roads that connect the town with Trapani (main road SS115), Messina (main road SS114), Augusta (main road SS 183), Catania and Ragusa (main road SS 194).
The slip road which is nearest to the motorway is the A19 stretch, that connects Palermo to Catania.
Finally it is possible to reach Syracuse by train too, with a train change in Roma Termini or Naples, where the IC/plus Archimede 731 of the National Railway will lead you directly in Syracuse.