Travel and Culture in Sicily
The history of Taormina follows the historical and cultural course peculiar to Sicily.
In fact, its history gives us an important interpretation to understand completely the beauty of this land.
Taormina was born in 358 B.C. with the name Tauromenion. It was founded by some Greek refugees, who came from Naxos. The town became a typical Greek colony, through the building of the agora, of the acropolis on Mount Tauro, of the Bouleuterion, that was the seat of the town council and of the Theatre. When the Romans arrived, they began many renovation works of the countless architectural finds left here by the Greeks, as well as the realization of many architectural works, which we can appreciate still today.
The following Byzantine domination brought a glorious and happy time to the town.
In fact, after the fall of Constantinople, the town Syracuse became less important, so Taormina became the new capital city of Eastern Sicily and the seat of the archbishopric, too.
The Arabs, who had been present on the island from the 9th to the 11th century, occupied Taormina, destroying most part of the town. They were then replaced by the Normans, who restored the Christian religion, with the consequent building of many monasteries.
The following Spanish domination signed a less flourishing period, of political and economic stagnation.
During the 16th and 18th centuries the Spanish government brought back a situation of economic stagnation to the town. In 1711 the Spanish dominion finished and, after a short period of Savoy control, Palermo had been governed by the Bourbonists until the unity of Italy.
The Bourbonists realized some important economic and political reforms, above all in the second half of the 18th century.