Travel and Culture in Sicily
The town’name has got a Greek origin (pàn-ormos = whole port). The birth of the town dates back to the 8th century B.C.
One of the first people who arrived and controlled Palermo were the Phoenicians, followed by the Carthaginians and the Romans in 254 B.C. Also in the Roman age Palermo played its role as a strategic port. Then the barbarian invasions kept devastating it until 535, when it was occupied by the Byzantines. Three centuries later, the town was conquered by the Arabs, who made it become one of the most beautiful towns of that time. They brought the first citrus orchards in these lands of the Conca d’Oro, opening new possibilities for an economic development.
Afterwards, the Normans conquered the town in the 11th century and, together with the Swabians, they developed its commercial activities and made this town become an important junction among the connections between Europe and Asia. The cultural life flourished in this period, too, in fact the birth of the poetry “Scuola Siciliana” (Sicilian School) dates back to this period, bound to the court of Frederick II.
In the 13th century the Angevins arrived and Palermo’s fate changed. The decline and the misgovernment ended in 1282 with the revolt known as “I Vespri Siciliani”(the Sicilian Vespers), that urged the Aragonese to conquer the island. With them Palermo had a new period of growth.
During the 16th and 18th centuries the Spanish government brought back a situation of economic stagnation to the town. In 1711 the Spanish dominion finished and, after a short period of Savoy control, Palermo had been governed by the Bourbonists until the unity of Italy. The Bourbonists realized some important economic and political reforms, above all in the second half of the 18th century.
Palermo photographies kindly granted by HalisaClub- Palermo