Travel and Culture in Sicily
Catania was born in 729 B.C. with the name Katane, that in the Sicilian language means grater, flaying knife, from the lavic ground on which it stands and it was one of the first Greek colonies of Sicily.
It was conquered by the Romans in 263 B.C., who have left us some architectural ruins of the Augustan period.
After the Byzantine domination there was the Arabic one and then the Norman supremacy, which brought many changes and innovations to the town, as for example the building of the Cathedral and of many monasteries.
With the Aragonese the town had a period of economic recovery and cultural flourishing.
In this period the first university of the island was born.
The following Spanish domination and the davastating earthquake in 1693 plunged this land into a serious economic crisis.
This period was then followed by an important rebuilding campaign that had been going on also after the unity of Italy.
The 19th century saw a flourishing period of cultural splendour for Catania, that involved the worldly, literary, music and theatre expressions.