Travel and Culture in Sardinia
Traces of human life in the area of Porto Torres date back to Neolithic (3000-2400 B.C.), as the two prehistoric villages of Monte d’Accoddi and Monte Cabula Montones attest.
With the Romans (46 B.C.), the town became a Roman settlement named Turris Libisonis, as Pliny attests and the archaeological ruins of Monte Agellu testify. In 304 A.C., during the persecutions of Diocletian, the martyrdom of Saint Gavino occurred: in the XI century, it brought about the building of the basilica dedicated to him.
During the Middle Ages, in Sardinia, the four Sardinian "Giudicati" (independent states) of Calari, Arborea, Gallura and Torres (or Logudoro) were established: they were independent kingdoms sprung up as a result of the Arab expansion in the Mediterranean Sea.
So Porto Torres became the capital of the "Giudicato" of Logudoro, developing business relations with Pisa and Genoa, that, however, were fighting over its possession.
At the time, the town had to face a rapid decline and depopulation that lasted a long time.
Only in the nineteenth-century, Porto Torres obtained its autonomy from Sassari and resumed its development, also thanks to the building of the "Carlo Felice" main road, that connects it to Cagliari and to the others towns of the island.