Travel and Culture in Latium
Certainly it would be impossible to succeed in describing exhaustively the artistic treasures of Rome in a few lines. That is why we have accepted to mention the most important monuments, realizing that it is impossible to describe them all.
If we start from ancient times, the biggest Roman monument is the Colosseum, tilded with travertin, with the Constantine Arch next to it. Then we have Castel Sant’Angelo, that was built as a mausoleum in 139 A.D. by Emperor Adrian and was transformed into a proper fortress during the reign of Leone IV, in the 9th century.
The area of Fori Imperiali and Campo Marzio, between Palatino and Aventino, together with the ruins of Circo Massimo and the Caracalla baths were begun by Settimio Severo in 206 A.D.
Especially during the Baroque and the Renaissance, Rome was a particularly lively centre of cultural and artistic exchange. This is the only town in the world with the highest number of churches that keep very important works of art inside them. St Peter is the most famous church in the world. It stood on the ruins of the basilica commissioned by Constantine and was built and enlarged by several artists and architects, beginning from Rossellino to the participation of Bramante, Michelangelo, Raffaello, Sangallo, Bernini and Maderno too. Other beautiful churches are San Giovanni in Laterano, Santa Maria Maggiore, where Bernini was buried, San Paolo Fuori le Mura, that was founded by Constantine himself.
Every square or fountain, every palace and church is really characteristic because of its beauty and originality: the Baroque Navona Square, with its fountain called “Quattro Fiumi”, by Bernini, that dates back to 1651, Campidoglio square, that was commissioned to Michelangelo by Paulus III with its Marco Aurelio statue, Spagna Square with its fountain (La Barcaccia), The Spanish Steps and the wonderful Trevi Fountain give a precise idea of the elegance and creativity belonging to those artists who had brought these treasures to light.
We still have to mention the wide range and the high number of public and private museums, which gather the Roman masterpieces and which we recommend you to visit, even if we cannot mention all of them here. Among the most famous and important museums we would like to point out: the Villa Borghese Gallery, the Capitoline Museums, the Vatican Museums, the Doria Panphilj Gallery, the Castel Sant’Angelo Museum and the Modern Art Gallery.
Rome photographies kindly granted by APT Rome