Travel and Culture in Latium
Beginning from ancient times, before the Romans, the territory of this region was called Lazio (Latium), from the Latin word Latium, and was inhabited by the Latin peoples coming from the lower Tevere. Latium borders with Tuscany and Umbria in the North, with Abruzzo in the East, with Campania in the South and it is bounded to the West by the Tyrrhenian Sea.
WHAT IS THIS
The territory of Latium is mainly mountainous and hilly, while the flat areas are situated towards the coast. The highest peaks are Mount Gorzano (2458 m.), on the border with Abruzzo, and Mount Terminillo, with its 2213 metres. The main river is the Tevere (Tiber), the third most important river in Italy.
In this region
are present some important lakes too, as Lake Bolsena and Bracciano,
which both have a volcanic origin. Between Mounts Ernici and the
foothills of the Apenines lies the Ciociaria valley.
The Northern area, on the other hand, is occupied by the Cimini, Volsini and Sabatini mountains. They all have got a volcanic origin, that provides some rich soils, suitable for the cultivation of vineyards.
The economy of Latium is strongly influenced by the structures of Rome, which has a particular role as capital. In fact even tourism is almost completely concentrated in this town.
Agriculture yields mostly cereals, olives, grapes especially used to produce wine and fruit and vegetable products. Farming is above all cattle and sheep breeding, while fishing is on an average important.
Indusrty is constantly growing in various fields such as the textile, building, petrochemical, glass, clothing and paper ones.
HOW CAN YOU REACH IT ?
Those who want to reach the region by car, both from the North and the South, have to take the motorway A1 with the exit signs Roma Nord and Roma Est respectively. From both these exits you can reach the Grande Raccordo Anulare (a big ringroad), that is a joint between the motorway and the main roads. These ones link the region to other places and regions through some ancient roads, such as Aurelia and Cassia.
By train you can arrive at Roma Termini (regional capital) Station or at Roma Tiburtina station, but the railway connects very well even the rest of the region and its towns.
The most important airports in Rome are Leonardo Da Vinci and Ciampino, the latter in particular, is important for the charter flies.
WHAT DOES THE REGION OFFER ?
Tourism in this region is obviously mostly concentrated in Rome, which is the regional and the Italian capital. Rome takes in the biggest number of tourists, thanks to the particular richness in works of art and history that surrounds the city. Anyway, apart from the artistic and cultural beauties, the territory of Latium offers a kind of nature which is rich in fauna and flora, with nature reserves and special routes, such as that to the Roman Castles or that to Lake Vico, near Viterbo, with the beautiful Caprarola Villa. Moreover the coast, with Capo Linneo and Capo Circeo, offers some seaside resorts that increase the beauty of the region, such as Gaeta and the Pontino Archipelago, with its six islets of volcanic origin, among which there is also the Isle of Ponza.