Travel and Culture in
Friuli Venezia Giulia
The territory of Trieste is characterized by the presence of Carso, a tableland that frames the town and is the ideal place for walks and serious excursions. The Carso, thanks to its geologic shape, is one of the most suitable places for speleology, because it is rich in hidden subterranean hollows. One of the biggest caves, that is also open to the public, is the Grotta Gigante (the Giant Cave), with its 280 mt in length, 65 mt in breadth and a 107 mt high plug, that is big enough to contain the same volume of St Peter’s Basilica.
On the other hand, the Rosanda Valley is very appreciated for the typical Sunday trips and for its hard and wild territory, characterized by screes and rocks, but also cheered up by a changeable and varied flora.
Another naturalistic area that is important for Trieste is the coast stretch below the Lighthouse. It is known all over the world as the Barcola, where the Coppa d’Autunno Barcolana sailing race takes place on every second Sunday of October and that attracts more than 1500 boats to Trieste.
Along the coast you can also visit the Miramare Castle. The homonymous WWF marine reserve extends in front of the castle, so you have the possibility to visit the museum centre and to take part in underwater excursions.
In Miramare Park you can also find the Butterflies’ Garden (230 square metres open space): it is the result of many years of research, which have allowed a careful reconstruction of the tropical habitat where more than 1500 species of lepidopterans from all over the world live.
Moreover, the garden contains several species of birds, a pond, some particular kinds of fish and several types of exotic plants and flowers.