Travel and Culture in
If you are interested in doing an Italian language course in Emilia Romagna, we are glad to help you in your decision by giving you some useful information.
WHERE IS EMILIA ROMAGNA?
Emilia Romagna is formed by two regions, that are geogrphically and historically distinct (Emilia and Romagna) and the official name was defined in 1947 with the todays name Emilia Romagna.
The region borders with Veneto and Lombardy to the North, with Piedmont and Liguria to the West, with Tuscany, Marches and the Republic of San Marino to the South. To the East it is washed by the Adriatic Sea.
The provinces of the region are nine: Bologna, which is also the regional capital, Ferrara, Forlì, Modena, Parma, Reggio Emilia, Ravenna, Rimini and Piacenza, placed on a regional territory of 22.000 square Km surface.
The regions population is of about 4 million inhabitants, who are spread in a uniform way on the territory, with a density of about 175 inhabitants per square km, that decreases towards the Apennines and increases in the flat areas.
WHAT IS THE TERRITORY LIKE?
The region, from the morphological point of view, can be divided into two zones: the Apennines hilly area (Appennino Tosco-Emiliano) and the flat area, that extends to the East, sloping down towards the sandy coast. In its southern part, the region is characterized by the presence of the Apennines, which reach the highest peak with Mount Cimone (2165 mt). Otherwise, the northern boundary is drawn by river Po, the longest river of our peninsula. The other principal rivers of the region are: Reno, Secchia, Panaro, Savio and Rubicone. The climate is continental, with hot summers and rather cold winters, in particular on the Apennines ranges, while the temperatures are milder on the coast.
HOW CAN YOU REACH IT ?
If you are travelling through the region by car, the most important motorway is the A1 Milano-Piacenza-Parma-Reggio-Modena-Bologna-Firenze-Roma, which is a connection way for all the most important centres of the regional territory and is also a bridge with Lombardy, Tuscany and Latium. The other reference motorways for the connections with the neighbouring regions are: A13 Bologna-Ferrara-Padova (Veneto), A14 Bologna-Forlì-Ancona (Marches), A15 Parma-La Spezia (Liguria), A22 Modena-Verona-Brennero (Veneto-Trentino-Austria) and A45 Roma-Viterbo-Terni-Perugia-Bagno di Romagna-Cesena-Ravenna.
The regions railway network is 1350 km long and it has got a basic axis, that runs through the whole territory of Emilia Romagna, from the North-West to the South-East, connecting the biggest urban centres of the region to each other (from Piacenza to Rimini). Moreover, the territory is well connected with the rest of Italy too, as the Bologna-Padova line and the route Firenze-Bologna-Verona. Then there are also other routes along the principal line, towards Ravenna and the neighbouring regions (Liguria, Tuscany, Lombardy and Veneto). Finally, there are two other very important directrixes, which leave from Piacenza and reach respectively Milan and Alessandria-Torino.
If you want to reach the region by plane, your reference are: G. Marconi airport in Bologna, the L.Ridolfi one in Forlì and G. Verdi airport in Parma.
WHAT DOES EMILIA ROMAGNA OFFER?
From the agricultural point of view, Emilia Romagna is the most productive Italian region and the peak cultivations are cereals, potatoes, vegetables, fruit and sugar beets. Also the cattle- chicken- and pig- farming is at its highest productive level. In fact, the food industry has greatly developed here and especially the dairy farming, the sausage factories and the canneries are worth mentioning.
Tourism in the Romagnola Riviera is flourishing, too, since it can count on the sandy coasts that are present in Cervia and reach Rimini and Cesenatico, where a great quantity of tourists arrive in the summer period.
A particular mention goes to the thermal establishments, among which the most famous one is Salsomaggiore Terme. These are, in fact, very pleasant places, where you can come in touch with nature and relax.
Another positive aspect is given by the parks of the region, that represent the 8% of the territory. Therefore, the region has created some protected areas, in order to defend a kind of nature that is rich in landscapes, and in typical flora and fauna.
Then the region offers cultural activities and towns full of history, art and good cooking.