Travel and Culture in
Emilia Romagna

Bologna history




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Bologna la Dotta (the learned town) was a Villanovan and Etruscan centre (6th-4th century B.C.), then it became Gallic and, in the 2nd century B.C., it was both a Roman colony and a Roman municipality. The Romans’arrival gave a new boost to the growth of the town, which took the name Bononia.

In the Middle Ages the village became a free commune and reached the climax of its power in 1249, with the triumphant Fossalta battle, when King Enzo, son of the emperor Frederick II, was taken prisoner.

Another fact of great historical importance is the foundation, within Bologna’s walls, of the first university in the world, in 1088.

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In the 16th century, after the alternation of various Signorie, the town was finally included into the Papal State, but it succeeded in keeping its own ancient magistracies, first of all the Senate, and then also its own ambassador in Rome.

In 1889, with a new urban development plan, Bologna gained a new layout and new palaces and so the town appearance slowly became the modern aspect of today.
In the charming old town centre, which is one of the best-preserved in Europe, you can find ancient palaces and churches, rich in works of art, which bear witness of the cultural importance that Bologna has had throughout the centuries.

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Today the town boasts one of the most modern Fair Districts in Italy, an efficient Congress Building, accomodation facilities that are abreast with the times and have become an important reference for many industrial companies of the greatest importance in the mechanical and agroindustrial sectors.
If you have a walk along the about 40 Km of arcades, which are typical of Bologna’s streets, you will be able to perceive the different moods of everyday life or you can follow artistic routes in parallel with the shopping in glamorous boutiques, or at small and big markets. In this way, you will meet a multiform reality, which is culturally and economically part of the 21st century Europe.

Bologna photographies kindly granted by Provincia di Bologna


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