Travel and Culture in Campania
Salerno boasts ancient origins that date back to the sixth century B.C., to the development of the Hellenic town Sapri. Later, in the fifth century, Salerno passed under the dominion of Syracuse and the Romans, in 276 B.C., conquered all Campania and assigned one of their colonies in Pestum and one in Salerno.
Then, in 649 A.D., the town became part of the Longobard princedom that fortified the town.
After the Longobard princedom Salerno passed under the dominion of the Normans and then under the Swabians, then it decayed, while Naples was becoming more and more important.
The Angevins succeeded the Swabians and, with Charles II d’Angiò, Salerno became the capital town, with the provinces of Avellino and Benevento.
This period was followed by the dominion of the Aragonese and then by that of the Grimaldi.
In 1590, to revive from this dominion, the town paid 80.000 ducats and was involved also by the popular revolts of Masaniello in Naples.
With the arrival of the Borbone monarchy the attention of the sovereigns passed to Naples and Caserta and Salerno lost importance.
In 1820 Salerno faced the victories and the defeats of the Carbonari uprisings and, in 1848, it obtained the Constitution with Ferdinando IV.
From 1870 till today Salerno has followed the events that have characterized Italy during its liberation by Garibaldi and it was then protagonist of the landing of the allied troops in Italy during the second world war.