Travel and Culture in Campania
From the artistic point of view Salerno offers some important monuments that can be visited carefully. The first one is the Castle, that was probably built in the 2nd century B.C.and probably already with its defensive walls, which had surrounded the town since the time of its building.
The castle was enlarged by the Longobards and withstood the attacks of the Saracens and of the Normans.
All the rulers of this town were particularly interested in this building, in fact they enlarged it and made it more and more beautiful throughout the centuries.
Another important and prestigious monument is the Cathedral that has been containing, since 1079, St Matthew’s mortal remains.
The cathedral’s interior contains numerous mosaics, paintings, works of art of great richness and laboriousness. Besides these ones, the bronze portal made in Constantinople in 1099 and some relics preserved in the Cathedral’s Museum are to be remembered, too.
Another important building is Verdi Theatre, that was begun by architects D’Amora and Menichini in 1865. The theatre’s rooms are characterized by an incredible movement given by its Renaissance and Baroque decorations, which drew inspiration from the classic art and the Pompeian culture.
The theatre room inside is provided with six tiers of boxes, surrounded by a ceiling painted by Pasquale di Criscito.
This theatre was opened on 15th April night, in 1872, with the “Rigoletto” by Giuseppe Verdi.