Travel and Culture in Campania
Cilento Park includes the whole southern part of Campania, the Sele and the Policastro gulf’s territory. The Cilento area has always been a meeting and an exchange point in the centre of the Mediterranean since ancient times.
The park’s territory includes a unique variety of different environments which change continuously from sea to land and which point out an unpolluted and wild nature, in harmony with the human settlements.
The result is an environment made of forms and colours that seem contrasting.
They are in fact determined by the different morphology of the rocks (the Cilento “Flysch”), that allows (or does not allow) the growing of various species of plants and the presence of different species of animals. That is why it is possible to find beechwoods, oak woods, ash trees and lavender meadows, that alternate to the karstic phenomena.
There are about 1800 different kinds of plants in the park, among which the Palinuri pimpernel (the park’s emblem), the sea lily, that grows on the cliffs, the carnation of the rocks, the Cilento broom and many other species. Moreover, there are also spontaneous small woods of birches, silver firs and of boxes.
The species of animals are a lot and various, too: the golden eagle, the peregrine hawk, the Appennines hare, the loir and also the wolf and other animals who are rather rare, but who have found their habitat in this park