Travel and Culture in Campania

Pisciotta: history

It seems that Pisciotta’s origins are even connected to the destruction of Troy (650 B.C.)....



It seems that Pisciotta’s origins are even connected to the destruction of Troy (650 B.C.) and that the Troyans themselves, escaped the destruction of their own town, landed on the Ionian shore, where they founded a town: Siri.
The inhabitants of Siri spread around and reached the Tyrrhenian Sea, in the today Gulf of Policastro, where they founded Pixous. The name Pixous, from the root Pyx, derives from the box, an evergreen shrub that is a symbol of youth, force, courage and everlastingness of thought and that, today, decorates Pisciotta’s coat of arms.
Later, in 194 B.C., the Greek Pixous became the Roman Buxentum and when the Saracens attacked and burnt this centre it changed its name and became Policastro.
In fact, Pisciotta was born in 915 thanks to the inhabitants of Bussento who had escaped their town when it was occupied by the Saracens and founded, in memory of the ancient Pixous, exactly Pixoctum (piccolo=small Pixous), the present Pisciotta.
From that moment on, we have not had any more news about the new village, till in the 12th century when, under William II, the name Pissocta was found for the first time referring to a feud. In 1464 Pisciotta developed and had also a remarkable population increase, thanks to the arrival of the inhabitants of Molpa, who had survived the destruction of their village.
Pisciotta’s history is an endless sequence of feudal passages, from an owner to the other one: from the Caracciolo in 1270 to the Sanseverino in 1400, then to the Pappacoda in 1590. In 1708 this village was one among the most populated village in the Salerno area, with 2163 inhabitants.
In 1806 it was the place where the French fought against the Borbone and only when Joseph Napoleon became king of Naples the feudal system was put to an end. The rest of the history of Pisciotta refers to the Cilento revolts and to the Garibaldi’s heroic deeds, which the village took part in and which led to its independence and freedom.

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