Travel and Culture in Calabria
The archeological finds give evidence of the presence of human settlements that had been present since the Paleolithic period. The ancient populations, the Enotri, the Morgeti and the Itali, were colonized by the Greeks between the eighth and the seventh century B.C.
Later, the Romans occupied the whole Calabrian territory and then, with the end of the Roman Empire, the region became victim of continuous invasions of Byzantines and Longobards.
Tropea, that had been under the Byzantine supremacy for a long time, was greatly influenced by this civilization, that was heir to the Greek one.
An example of this influence was the Byzantine rite, that had been in use for a long time and so the Latin believers built a church out of town, St Mary of the Latins.
While in Calabria the dominations of different populations followed one another (the Normans, the Angevins, the Aragonese and the Spanish), Tropea maintained its state property.
In the course of history there have been several attempts to subdue it, but they all failed, thanks to the strong opposition of the population.
In 1783 an earthquake and the subsequent epidemics led the town to a deep economic crisis while, during the Napoleonic period, Tropea became very important from the military point of view.
Tropea is also known because it is Pasquale Galluppi’s birthplace (1770-1846), a great Calabrian thinker