THIS ARTICLE IS PRESENTED BY:
IED: Istituto Europeo di Design - Web site - Milano
THE LAST SUPPER
Leonardo da Vinci (1452/1519) points out the ingeniousness, the creativity and the cultural depth of the Italian Renaissance man through his numerous artistic, engineering and scientific works.
In particular in this writing we would like to draw your attention to the work of art that was restored in Milan some years ago: the famous Last Supper, realized by the artist in Santa Maria delle Grazie.
This work was executed by Leonardo in 1496 by order of Ludovico il Moro who, meanwhile, beutified Santa Maria delle Grazie, by ordering Bramante to make some extension works in the church (the church is worth visiting, to admire its style as a further example of the change from the Gothic to the Renaissance period).
Later, the Last Supper had a quite troubled evolution and already from 1517 on, it began to get more and more ruined, so that cardinal Federico Borromeo ordered the painting of a copy of it in 1612.
This happened because Leonardo painted on the wall with an unusual technique based on strong tempera, that soon brought the painting to the deterioration, due to this experimental technique and to the dampness of the refectory’s wall.
At the beginning of 1700 the cleaning interventions began and during the Second World War, in 1943, the painting escaped miraculously the explosion of a bomb that hit the refectory of Santa Maria delle Grazie and so the Last Supper kept intact.
The Last Supper represents a particular moment of the Last Supper of Christ and the apostles.
In fact, Leonardo decided to paint the moment that just followed Jesus’ words: “One of you will betray me” and, as we know, these words roused the apostles’ questions.
This choice is completely different from other representations made by other artists on the same subject, since it concentrates on the emotions that show themselves through the gestures and the faces of the apostles.
Leonardo underlines the drama of the scene and puts Jesus in the middle of the painting, while the apostles are organized in four groups of three figures each.
The artist highlights the gestures of astonishment that are provoked by Jesus’ words but, above all, he underlines their different personalities. So you can see Peter’s anger while he is whispering in John’s ear and the outstretched finger of Thomas who always doubts anyone’s words, at the same time. The central point of the composition is represented by the figures of Jesus and Judas, who are aware of what is going to happen and, with their calmness, contrast with the unrest of the other figures.
Information to visit Santa Maria delle Grazie church and the Last Supper:
The church is open in the weekdays from 7.oo to 12.00 and from 15.00 to 19.00, while on Sundays and holidays the timetable is 7.15-12.15 and 15.30-21.00.
The Last Supper is open everyday except Monday from 8.00 to 18.30 (last admission at 18.15).
The booking is compulsory (Euro 1,50 each) and it is possible only by phone (02.89421146).
The admission ticket costs Euro 6,50 (full fare), Euro 3,25 (cheap fare) and it is free for the citizens of the European Union who are under 18 and over 65.
The guided tours are organized everyday:
- at 10.00 and 16.00 in Italian
- at 9.30 and 15.30 in English
- cost: Euro 3,25 each
Moreover, there is the possibility to buy a special ticket that allows the admission to the Scala Museum, to Brera Picture Gallery and to the Last Supper, which is useful for 7 days, at the cost of 10 Euro.
Milan is also the city that comes to mind when talk turns to Made in Italy: Milan is Italy’s fashion business capital. For people interested in Visual Arts, Design and Made in Italy in general, you can visit the famous italian Design school, Istituto Europeo di Design, located in Via Sciesa 4, very close to the Duomo.
For over thirty years, the Istituto Europeo di Design has been operating in the fields of Education and Research. Today it is an international network, well known in Milan, constantly on the growth, that organises three year post high school diploma courses, master courses, courses completely taught in English, summer courses…It has seats in Italy (Milan, Rome, Turin), Spain (Madrid and Barcelona) and Brazil (San Paulo).
Ied offers young professionals working in the fields of Fashion, Design and Communication, the most efficacious tools necessary to answer the constantly evolving demands of the production world.
The courses cover the fields of Design(Interior, Industrial, Light, Transportation, Packaging, etc...), Fashion (Textile, Fashion Marketing, Jewellery, Accessories & Shoe Design etc...), Visual Arts (Digital, Virtual, Graphic, Animation, Illustration, Photography etc...) and Communication.
It is very important to study fashion and design in Italy, for many reasons. First, because Italy is worldwide recognized as the capital of fashion and design, it has the greatest numer of fashion and design companies and moreover IED school has a long tradition of cooperation with companies: students, in fact, make projects together with companies, have internships and have also the chance to choose between several job opportunities after finishing their studies at IED.